Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanocrystalline BaTiO3 in Ethanol Medium
Electrophoretic deposition technique is a versatile coating method. With this method not only flat surfaces but also curved or rough surfaces can be coated in various thicknesses. In this study, BaTiO3 nanocrystals were synthesized with a novel nonaqueous method. In a simple one pot reaction process, the metallic barium is directly dissolved in benzyl alcohol at slightly elevated temperatures. After the addition of titanium isopropoxide and subsequent solvothermal treatment nearly spherical BaTiO3 nanocrystals typically 5 nm in diameter were obtained. The stability of the suspension in ethanol and nanocrystalline particle size distribution was measured by Malvern Nano-ZS. The BaTiO3 suspensions were directly used in an electrophoretic deposition process without any additional operation. Pt plated alumina was used as substrate. Various voltages were applied by altering the cathode to anode distance as well as deposition time for optimal process control. Because of the ethanol adsorbed on the surface of the nanoparticles, application of high voltages was possible without causing hydrolysis. The deposited surface coatings were dried in air atmosphere and sintered at different temperatures. SEM, EDX and XRD analysis were employed for the investigation of the coating.
A.R. Boccaccini, O. Van der Biest and R. Clasen
A. Dogan et al., "Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanocrystalline BaTiO3 in Ethanol Medium ", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 314, pp. 133-140, 2006