Microscopic Study of Sliding Wear Surfaces of Alumina


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Sliding wear surfaces of alumina were observed by transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Wear loss was very low (<10-7 mm3/Nm) at room temperature whereas it was high (>10-5 mm3/Nm) at 500oC. In a mild wear regime at room temperature, a layer of very fine particles (10 nm or less) is observed on the wear surface. Beneath the layer, a deformed bulk surface with extensive dislocations is observed. The layer exhibits a diffraction pattern of a meta-stable phase which is dissimilar to the original α-alumina. The layer appears to act as lubrication film at the contact interface to reduce the wear loss. In a severe wear regime at 500oC, a similar structure consisting of a fine-particle layer and deformed bulk surface is observed. However, extensive microcracks are observed in the layer and the bulk underneath that cause further material removal resulting in a high wear rate.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 317-318)

Edited by:

T. Ohji, T. Sekino and K. Niihara




T. Senda et al., "Microscopic Study of Sliding Wear Surfaces of Alumina", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 317-318, pp. 347-350, 2006

Online since:

August 2006




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