Y- α-sialon (m=1.35, n=0.675) ceramics were prepared by high-energy mechanical milling followed by spark plasma sintering. The milling promoted not only liquid-phase sintering, but also phase transformation from β-Si3N4 to α-sialon. Under the same holding time of 5 min, milled powder could be completely densified at 1500oC, which is about 250oC lower than that required for as-received powder. The temperature where the phase transformation finished was 1600oC and 1750oC for milled and as-received powder, respectively. The grain size of obtained dense ceramics from milled powder was significantly decreased. Nano-sized dense ceramics have been obtained by sintering the milled powder at 1500oC for 5 min. Although 100 % α-sialon has not been achieved, the nano-sized ceramics can be used for superplastic deformation, taking advantage of small grain size and large amount of transient liquid phase.