Evaluation of Tensile Properties and Bending-Induced Residual Stress of Slender Copper Pipe
Used pipes in various mechanisms and structures are produced from raw material by extruding and drawing. The properties such as yield strength, tensile strength, and elongation of a pipe produced by these methods are different from the properties of their raw material. But designers use the properties of the raw material because the actual properties of the pipes are difficult to obtain from testing. Also, the pipe is used after it has been bent in a complex manner and cut to fit it to mechanisms and structures. The bending process, especially, induces deformation of the pipe’s section and residual stress, which are involved in the plastic deformation of the bended pipes. This residual stress affects the pipe’s properties, including its fatigue life. Therefore, it is very important to understand the residual stress of a material. But, the distribution of residual stress of a U-shaped pipe, which is examined in this study, is very complicated and cannot be measured exactly.
Seung-Seok Lee, Joon Hyun Lee, Ik Keun Park, Sung-Jin Song, Man Yong Choi
S. Y. Kim et al., "Evaluation of Tensile Properties and Bending-Induced Residual Stress of Slender Copper Pipe", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 321-323, pp. 636-639, 2006