Rail represents one of the most important means of transportation. Many nondestructive testing methods have been used to find defects in rail. The guided wave technique is the most efficient because of its long propagation characteristic along the rail. The wave structure of the rail cross-section for a particular loading condition of modes and frequencies is an important feature. The wave structures are examined at different modes and frequencies. The propagation scattering patterns of guided waves from various multiple defects in a rail are also studied using finite element method.