Laser-Generated Ultrasonic Technique for Inspecting Delamination in CFRP
For improving quality of a carbon fiber reinforced composite material (CFRP) by preventing defects such as delamination and void, it should be inspected in fabrication process. Novel non-contacting evaluation technique is required because the transducer should be contacted on the CFRP in conventional ultrasonic technique during the non-destructive evaluation and these conventional contact techniques can not be applied in a novel fiber placement system. For the non-destructive evaluation of delamination in CFRP, various methods for the generation and reception of laser-generated ultrasound are applied using piezoelectric transducer, air-coupled transducer, wavelet transform technique etc. The high frequency component of laser-generated guided wave received with piezoelectric sensor disappeared after propagating through delamination region. Air-coupled transducer was tried to be adopted in reception of laser-generated guided wave generated by using linear slit array in order to generate high frequency guided wave with a frequency of 1.1 MHz. Nevertheless, it was failed to receive high frequency guided wave in using air-coupled transducer and linear slit array. Transmitted laser-generated ultrasonic wave was received on back-wall and its frequency was analyzed to establish inspecting technique to detect delamination by non-contact ultrasonic method. In a frequency spectrum analysis, intensity ratio of low frequency and center frequency was approvable parameter to detect delamination.
Seung-Seok Lee, Joon Hyun Lee, Ik Keun Park, Sung-Jin Song, Man Yong Choi
W. S. Park et al., "Laser-Generated Ultrasonic Technique for Inspecting Delamination in CFRP", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 321-323, pp. 968-971, 2006