3D Motion Analysis on the Hallux Valgus by Using the Multi-Segment Foot Model


Article Preview

The purpose of this study is to quantitatively evaluate foot motions in the normal and hallux valgus(HV) patients using a proposed multi-segment foot model. Results showed that HV patients exhibited relatively smaller flexion/extension, especially in terminal stance. An early abduction at the ankle during terminal stance was also noted in HV patients, which resulted in an excessive abduction in subtalar joint. In HV patients, medial MP joints exhibited excessive amount of adduction during terminal stance. In HV patients, hallux MP joint and talocrural joint exhibited excessive external rotation over the whole period of gait cycle. Understanding the detailed foot motions by the present multi-segment foot model would be very useful to diagnose and to treat patients with various foot diseases.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 321-323)

Edited by:

Seung-Seok Lee, Joon Hyun Lee, Ik Keun Park, Sung-Jin Song, Man Yong Choi




S. J. Hwang et al., "3D Motion Analysis on the Hallux Valgus by Using the Multi-Segment Foot Model", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 321-323, pp. 988-991, 2006

Online since:

October 2006




[1] M. J. Plank: The Pattern of Forefoot Pressure Distribution in Hallux Valgus. The Foot. Vol. 5 (1995), pp.8-14.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0958-2592(95)90026-8

[2] A. Bryant, P. Tinley, and K. Singer: Plantar Pressure Distribution in Normal, Hallux Valgus and Hallux Limitus Feet. The Foot. Vol. 9 (1999), pp.115-119.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1054/foot.1999.0538

[3] S. H. Scott and D. A. Winter: Biomechanical Model of the Human Foot: Kinematics and Kinetics during the Stance Phase of Walking. J Biomechanics. Vol. 26 (1993), pp.1091-1104.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0021-9290(05)80008-9

[4] A. Leardini, M. G. Benedetti, F. Simoncini, L. Catani, and S. Giannini: An Anatomically Based Protocol for the Description of Foot Segment Kinematics during Gait. Clinical Biomechanics. Vol. 14(1999), pp.528-536.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0268-0033(99)00008-x

[5] M. C. Carson, M. E. Harrington, N. Thompson, and J. J. O'Connor: Kinematic Analysis of a Multi-Segment Foot Model for Research and Clinical Applications: a Repeatability Analysis. J Biomechanics. Vol. 34 (2001), pp.1299-1307.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0021-9290(01)00101-4

[6] J. Hamel, A. Andrew, R. Sharkey, A. Neil, L. Frank and M. Buczek: Relative Motion of the Tibia, Talus and Calcaneus during the Stance Phase of Gait: a Cadaver Study. Gait and Posture. Vol. 8(2003), pp.128-134.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2003.07.003

[7] S. J. Hwang: The Analysis of Detailed Foot Motion of the Normal and Hallux Valgus during the Gait through the Development of the Multi-Segment Foot Model, Yonsei University. (2005).