Modeling and Simulation of Hydraulic Fracturing Propagation in Permeable Reservoirs
Numerical simulation of hydraulic fracturing propagations in the permeable reservoirs was carried out with the finite element analysis software (ABAQUS). A model of coupling the stress equilibrium and fluid continuity equations was proposed and implemented. The nonuniform of sink pore pressure on the fracture surfaces which changes associated with the propagation of fracture was described by a self-developed subroutine through the FLOW in ABAQUS. Samples under different conditions were conducted for studying the rules of the propagation of hydraulic fracturing. The results show that the permeability at the fracture tip is more serious than any other places of the fracture face. The model also illustrates that the fracture geometry is mainly determined by the minimal in-situ stress. The model can be used to simulate the effects of hydraulic fracturing pressures and injection rates on fracture propagation. The results are of much significance for the design of hydraulic fracturing treatments.
M.H. Aliabadi, Qingfen Li, Li Li and F.-G. Buchholz
Z. L. Lian et al., "Modeling and Simulation of Hydraulic Fracturing Propagation in Permeable Reservoirs ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 324-325, pp. 383-386, 2006