A ultrahigh carbon steels (UHCS) containing 1.6 wt pct carbon was studied. Through spheroidizing process by divorced-eutectoid transformation (DET), the forged microstructure was spheroidized and the microstructure was fine carbide particles distributed in ferrite matrix. Second-time heat treatment included two kinds of technologies: normalizing and quenching + tempering. Finally, the UHCS obtained ideal mechanical properties. The yield strength and tensile strength of the UHCS were higher than that of 40CrNiMo, moreover plasticity of the UHCS was equal to that of 40CrNiMo. So the UHCS was an excellent structural material.