Thermal Transport Properties of Various Thin Films for MEMS Applications
The thermal properties of thin films, such as thermal conductivity and diffusivity, are important in design and analysis of MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems), particularly in microscale thermal systems and high-power electronic/optoelectronic devices. In the present study, the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of a variety of thin film materials, which are commonly used in MEMS applications, are measured. The samples include Au, Sn, Mo, Al/Ti alloy, AlN, and SiC. The Au sample is deposited by the e-beam evaporation technique while the rest of the metallic samples are deposited by sputtering processes. The AlN and SiC films are also prepared by sputtering processes. In the experiment, the thermal diffusivities of metallic thin films are measured by two independent methods — the AC calorimetric method and photothermal mirage technique. The thermal conductivities of dielectric thin films are measured by the 3 omega technique. The results show that the thermal transport properties of some of the films are significantly smaller than those of the same material in bulk form. Especially, the AlN and SiC thin films exhibit pronounced thermal conductivity reduction because of the size effect. The electrical conductivities of the metallic thin films are measured as well. The results for Au and Sn are consistent with the thermal conductivity, confirming the Wiedmann-Franz law. However, Al/Ti and Mo thin films show considerable deviation from the law. The results are analyzed based on the XRD (X-Ray diffraction) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscope) measurement.
Soon-Bok Lee and Yun-Jae Kim
S. R. Choi et al., "Thermal Transport Properties of Various Thin Films for MEMS Applications", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 326-328, pp. 293-296, 2006