In this study, we investigated the effect of the use of alginate sponge as a chondrocyte-3D scaffold for the construction of a cartilage graft. Alginate sponge was made by 5% alginic acid which was crosslinked by CaCl2. Chondrocytes were obtained from a nasal septum after the operation and cultured in 3D alginate sponge. For analysis of cell differentiation, we have checked aggrecan, collagen type I and II using RT-PCR and performed the histological and scanning electron microscopy analysis. Our experiments showed that alginate sponge of 5% promoted sufficient chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation, resulting in the formation of a specific cartilage matrix. The sponge presents new perspectives with respect to in vitro production of "artificial" cartilage. We conclude that the alginate sponges have potential as a scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering.