The purpose of the present study is to evaluate thermal shock properties of the ATJ graphite using laser irradiation techniques. Cracks of thermal shock specimens are initiated by maximum tensile stress field. Thermal shock resistance of the ATJ graphite is correlated with thermal parameter and mechanical property. To simulate the thermal stress conditions of rocket nozzle throat for the evaluation of the thermal shock resistance of ATJ graphite, the laser irradiation was applied at the central area of disk specimen. Thermal shock resistance was related to the geometry, the maximum stress, and the thermal and mechanical property. Also the analyses of transient temperature and thermal stress were performed by the finite element method with nonlinear code ABAQUS. Analyses were specially performed for several kinds of shape to determine the minimum power density which could be cracked the specimen. The shape of the thermal shock specimen which was cracked under the lower power density was obtained and the result will be proved to the test.