Autologous bone chips are widely used in orthopedic surgery to fill large defects due to osteoinductive property but are limited in quantity. Several groups have reported the formation of mineralized bone after implantation of bioceramics in ectopic sites of different animals. However, osteoinduction by bioceramics has not yet proved to be equivalent to those of autologous bone. In this study, we compare the bone inducing capability of autologous bone chips and synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramics granules sintered at various temperatures. Both materials were implanted in muscles and femurs of goats inside hollow containers for 6, 12 and 24 weeks and analyzed by histology. This study showed that bone tissue formed in contact with micro porous ceramics sintered at low temperature as well as autologous bone chips both in ectopic and intrafemoral sites of goats.