Research of Herringbone Structure of Fragum Unedo Shell
The microstructure of a Fragum unedo shell is observed with a scanning electronic microscope (SEM). It shows that the shell is a kind of bio-ceramic composite consisting of aragonite and collagen protein layers. The observation also shows that the aragonite layers consist of thin and long aragonite sheets. A kind of particular herringbone structure of the aragonite sheets is found. In the structure, the aragonite sheets in an arbitrary aragonite layer make a crossed angle against that in its neighboring aragonite layers. Based on the SEM observation the comparative experiments in the maximum pull-out forces of both the herringbone and conventional 0°-structures are conducted. It shows that the maximum pull-out force of the herringbone structure is markedly larger than that of the 0°-structure, and the larger the crossed angle is, the more the maximum pull-out force of the herringbone structure will increase compared with that of the 0°-structure.
Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu
B. Chen et al., "Research of Herringbone Structure of Fragum Unedo Shell", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 1273-1276, 2007