Preparation of Apatite-Containing Calcium Phosphate Glass-Ceramics
A new type of glass-ceramic for novel dental fillers, which require excellent chemical durability, was investigated. A 40CaO-5CaF2-25TiO2-30P2O5 (in mol%) glass-ceramic was newly suggested. The glass-ceramic was prepared by a conventional two-step heating method. The resulting glass-ceramic included Nasicontype-CaTi4(PO4)6, titanium phosphates, such as (TiO)2P2O7 and Ti(PO3)3, and TiO2 (anatase) with apatite crystal, which was induced by incorporation of fluorine. In the glass-ceramic, dissolution by acid-treatment was strictly controlled. The excellent chemical durability of the glass-ceramic was suggested to originate from increase in the amount of the crystalline phases and a high content of titanium constituent in the residual glassy phase.
Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu
T. Kasuga et al., "Preparation of Apatite-Containing Calcium Phosphate Glass-Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 157-160, 2007