The aim of this study was to prepare dense hydroxyapatite (HA) by microwave sintering and to evaluate the dissolution behavior in distilled water. Commercially-obtained HA powders having Ca/P ratio of 1.67 were used as a starting material. The as-received powder of granular type consists of nano-sized particles. Microwave sintering was operated at 1200°C for 5 min with a heating rate of 50°C/min. Microwave sintering process reduced grain size of HA, compared with the case of conventional sintering. During the immersion in distilled water for 3-14 days, grain boundary dissolution occurred and the dissolution extended into the bulk following this path. As a result, particles were separated from the structure leaving micron-scale defects.