Caries Inhibitory Activity of the Nano-HA In Vitro
The purpose of this study is to examine the inhibitory effects of nano-HA on the caries-inducing properties of a four-organism bacterial consortium in vitro. A series of in vitro anticarious experiments have been carried out by using a continuous culture system. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, Actinomyces viscosus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus have been chosen as the experimental bacteria. After 48 hours, the dental plaque surface structure is observed with the scan electron microscope and the bacterial colonization was evaluated on dental plaque. The results show that Spherical nano-HA and mixed nano-HA are proved to be effective in anticarious experiments, and especially spherical nano-HA is more striking. It is able to damage the formation of biofilms (dental plaque), postpone or end the process of acid generation of bacteria metabolism. After 7 days, the demineralization of the enamel has been detected by using TEM. The spherical nano-HA might have a remineralization to early caries to prevent and decrease caries.
Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu
X. C. Meng et al., "Caries Inhibitory Activity of the Nano-HA In Vitro", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 251-254, 2007