Bioactivity and Mechanical Property of Starch-Based Organic-Inorganic Hybrids
So-called bioactive ceramics bond to living bone through the apatite layer formed on their surfaces in the body. The apatite deposition is triggered by dissolution of calcium ion (Ca2+) and by silanol (Si-OH) group formed on the surfaces of the ceramics. It is expected that organic modification of these components would produce bioactive materials with high flexibility. In this study, we examined bioactivity and mechanical properties of the organic-inorganic hybrids from starch by modification with silanol group and calcium ion. Effect of cross-linking agent was also investigated. The obtained hybrids showed bioactivity and mechanical properties analogous to those of human cancellous bone by appropriate control in their compositions. Addition of cross-linking agent to improve mechanical strength of the hybrids did not decrease their bioactivity.
Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu
T. Miyazaki et al., "Bioactivity and Mechanical Property of Starch-Based Organic-Inorganic Hybrids", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 439-442, 2007