Cerium oxide films have been fabricated using dual plasma deposition. X-ray diffraction. (XRD) reveals a crystalline phase and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) shows that La exists predominantly in the +4 oxidation state. The activated partial thromboplastin time is longer than that of blood plasma and stainless steel. Furthermore, the numbers of adhered, aggregated and morphologically changed platelets are reduced compared to low-temperature isotropic carbon (LTIC). HUVEC cells exhibit good adhesion and proliferation behavior on cerium oxide films. This study suggests rare earth oxide films are potential blood-contacting biomedical materials.