Biocompatibility Improvement of Pure Hydroxyapatite (HA) with Different Porosity
Calcium phosphate compounds, in particular HA and β-TCP, are the principal synthetic materials used for bone substitutes. To assess the feasibility for further grafting of drug delivery systems, a pure HA was elaborated with specific internal material porosities and then tested on its biological effectiveness. The cell viability tests with L132 cells confirmed the excellent cytocompatibility of HA and the graphite powder. MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts were grown on HA conditioned with culture medium and FCS for 2h. All HA samples produced a higher proliferation and vitality rates than the TCPS controls; the micro-porous HA inducing the highest cell growth near 150%. The macro/meso-porous HA is easily colonized by MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts As to the cell morphology, no significant differences are observed between control cells and those grown on the HA samples. Cytochemical staining of osteoblasts revealed a well developed cytoskeleton with strong stress fibres oriented in the cells in their longitudinal direction. Labelling of the focal adhesion contacts with anti-vinculin showed a less developed adhesion process in the cells on the different HA substrates, which may explain the above mentioned increase of proliferation.
Xingdong Zhang, Xudong Li, Hongsong Fan, Xuanyong Liu
J. C. Hornez et al., "Biocompatibility Improvement of Pure Hydroxyapatite (HA) with Different Porosity", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 330-332, pp. 927-930, 2007