The work deals with preparation of functional gradient alumina ceramics with controlled porosity by slip casting method of aqueous alumina suspension containing pore-generating agent. The sol-gel transition of AlO(OH) was employed to stabilize pore-generating agent in the suspension. The composite bodies with layers of variable porosity were prepared. Based on dilatometer measurement the admission difference of irreversible dilatation changes #αirr between compounded layers was determined in order to prepare defect free bi-layer bodies. The dependence of physical and mechanical properties of as fired composite bodies on the porosity value was expressed.