Dielectric and Ferroelectric Properties of Bi-Doped BaTiO3 Ceramics
Barium titanate with A-site substituted by various amount of bismuth oxide (Ba1-x BixTiO3, abbreviated as BBT, x=0.05, 0.1, 0.15) were prepared by solid-state reaction. The effect of bismuth substitution on crystallographic phase, dielectric and ferroelectric properties was studied. The X-ray diffraction shows that the samples were crystallized into pure perovskite structure when x=0.05 and 0.1, while for x=0.15 sample, second phase appeared in the dominant perovskite phase. The temperature dependence of dielectric permittivity of the ceramics was investigated and the evolution from normal ferroelectrics to relaxor ferroelectric sates was observed. In the range 0≤x≤0.1, the temperature of dielectric peak Tm is independence of the frequency, indicating the normal ferroelectrics behavior. At x=0.15, dielectric relaxation process with a broadening distribution of the permittivity dielectric is observed.
J.K. Kim, D.Z. Wo, L.M. Zhou, H.T. Huang, K.T. Lau and M. Wang
X. P. Jiang et al., "Dielectric and Ferroelectric Properties of Bi-Doped BaTiO3 Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 334-335, pp. 977-980, 2007