Effects of Adding Form of Additives on the Structure and Properties of High-Purity Alumina Ceramics
High-purity alumina ceramics was prepared using high-purity α-Al2O3 powder as raw material, nitrates or oxides of magnesium, chromium and copper as additives by a wet ball milling with a later dry pressing forming and normal pressure sintering process. The influence of additives on the sintering temperature, microstructure and bending strength of the prepared alumina ceramics was studies. The results showed that the additive doped with nitrate can be dispersed uniformly in the body with molecule scale, and the oxides obtained by decomposing of nitrates have the higher reactivity. Thus, the nitrate additives have better capacity than oxide additives in reducing the sintering temperature and inhibiting the abnormal grain growth, and the alumina ceramics prepared by adding of nitrate additives have higher density and bending strength.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Q. Ren et al., "Effects of Adding Form of Additives on the Structure and Properties of High-Purity Alumina Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1130-1132, 2007