Multilayer SiC/Si Composites Derived from Papers
The SiC/Si multilayer composites were fabricated successfully by reaction sintering method with normal stacked papers as the raw materials. Paper was cut into rectangular sheets and stacked, then infiltrated with phenolic resin to get a laminar structure. This paper /resin laminar composite was transformed into porous carbon with laminar structure after heating at 800 oC for 2h in N2 atmosphere. Finally this porous laminar carbon was reheated with silicon powder at 1450-1650oC for 1-2h in a vacuum furnace and SiC/Si multilayer composites can be obtained through the in-situ reaction between carbon and liquid silicon. The microstructure, reaction mechanism, phase composition and mechanical properties of these multilayer composites were researched. The final material shows a distingished laminar structure with alternating arrangement of SiC thick layers and silicon thin layers. SiC layer was composed by beta-SiC and a little of free silicon and carbon not reacted. The capillarity infiltration and in-situ reaction of liquid silicon act key roles in this process. Higher strength and non-catastrophic failure mode for this material were observed.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
G. B. Yang et al., "Multilayer SiC/Si Composites Derived from Papers", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1361-1363, 2007