Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Heat-Resistant Silicon Carbide Ceramics
There has been a great progress in the development of heat-resistant silicon carbide ceramics, owing to the better understanding of composition-microstructure-properties relations. Based on the progress, it has been possible to fabricate heat-resistant SiC ceramics with improved fracture toughness. In this paper, three rare-earth oxides (Re2O3, Re=Er, Lu, and Sc) in combination with AlN were used as sintering additives for a β-SiC containing 1 vol% α-SiC seeds. The effect of intergranular phase, using Re2O3 and AlN as sintering additives, on the microstructure and mechanical properties of liquid-phasesintered, and subsequently annealed SiC ceramics were investigated. The microstructure and mechanical properties were strongly influenced by the sintering additive composition, which determines the chemistry and structure of IGP. The strength and fracture toughness of the Lu2O3-doped SiC were ∼700 MPa at 1400oC and ∼6 MPa.m1/2 at room temperature, respectively. The beneficial effect of the new additive compositions on high-temperature strength was attributed to the crystallization of the intergranular phase.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Y. W. Kim et al., "Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Heat-Resistant Silicon Carbide Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1409-1413, 2007