Densification of Unfired Alumina Refractories by the In Situ Spinel Formation during Application
To prevent the shrinkages by the densification during the application of unfired Al2O3-C refractories or Al2O3 castables in steel making conditions, MgO was added as aggregate or matrix powder and the expansion caused by spinel formation was studied. Because the spinel was formed at the contacting areas between Al2O3 and MgO particles and the volume of in-situ formed spinel increased more abnormally at the side of Al2O3 particles than MgO, the addition of MgO aggregates was not recommendable due to the formation of large voids around the MgO aggregates. Nevertheless, corrosion resistance was increased with the amount of fine MgO added, and the finer MgO powder added, the better residual expansion and minute structure formation was observed. In the contrary, in case of castables volume expansion due to spinel formation was not obvious because the degree of densification was less than high-pressure formed refractories. But CA6 phase would not form around alumina aggregates during corrosion so the corrosion resistance was much more enhanced.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
J.H. Yang, S. H. Youn, J. J. Kim, K. H. Hwang, S. G. Lee, B.S. Jun, S. Y. Yoon, J. K. Lee, H. Kim, "Densification of Unfired Alumina Refractories by the In Situ Spinel Formation during Application", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1495-1497, 2007