Mechanical Properties of Machinable Zirconia Dental Composites
Ca3(PO4)2/ZrO2 dental composite ceramics using for CAD/CAM system were prepared and the effects of weak phases on microstructures and mechanical properties were studied. The results showed that intergranular spreads happened with the increasing Ca3(PO4)2 contents due to the discontinuity of weak interfaces between Zirconia and Calcium phosphate in matrix. So the flexural strength and hardness of the Ca3(PO4)2/ZrO2 composite ceramics were decreased effectively, which improved the machinability of the composites. On the other hand, strong interfaces between Zirconias increased the integrality of the ceramic structures. ZrO2 composite Ceramics with 15% Ca3(PO4)2 were sintered at 1350°C. The flexural strength is 300.44MPa, fracture toughness is 4.36 MPam1/2, and hardness is 6.69 GPa. The cutting exponent of the Ca3(PO4)2/ZrO2 composite ceramics is obviously lower than that of the common commercial Vita Mark II and Dicor MGC ceramics, which shows good mechanical properties and machinability.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
W. X. Li et al., "Mechanical Properties of Machinable Zirconia Dental Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1587-1589, 2007