Hydrothermal Preparation of Bismuth Titanate Nanopowders
Bismuth titanate nanopowders were prepared by the hydrothermal method from Bi(NO3)3·5H2O, TiCl4 and KOH aqueous solution. The influences of reaction temperature and KOH concentration on the crystalline phase, morphology, and grain size of the prepared Bi4Ti3O12 powders were investigated. The results showed that well-crystallized, dispersive Bi4Ti3O12 nanopowders could be prepared by the hydrothermal treatment at 220–260°C for 6 h, in the case of [Ti]= 0.1 M, Bi:Ti = 4:3 and [KOH]=1.0–2.0 M. The prepared Bi4Ti3O12 powders of the orthorhombic structure were observed to be rectangle slice-shaped, and the grain sizes were about 30 nm in width and above100 nm in length. It was also confirmed that the desired concentration of KOH decreased with increasing of the treatment temperature.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
H. Y. Miao et al., "Hydrothermal Preparation of Bismuth Titanate Nanopowders", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 161-164, 2007