Crystallization of a SiO2-MgO-Al2O3-K2O-Fe2O3-F Glass
The phase-separation and the crystallization of SiO2-MgO-Al2O3-K2O-Fe2O3-F glass were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron probe of microanalyzers (EPMA). The results reveal that the varieties and the morphology of crystalline phases formed depend sensitively on the thermal treatment schedules. During the isothermal treatments, the crystalline phases of mica, mica and iron oxide (FeFeO4), and FeFeO4 as major crystals are precipitated in the glass samples heat-treated at 900, 1000 and 1050°C respectively. However, the two-step heat treatment beginning at 900°C for 1h and subsequently followed at 1050°C for 1h leads to the precipitation of mica crystal and no any signs of FeFeO4 crystalline phase is observed. Also the morphology of sample is different from that of the isothermally treated glass at 1050°C, but is similar from that of sample at 900°C. A “worm”-shaped phase-separation is observed in the sample heated at 800°C for 0.5h, which exhibits different morphology from that of droplet- or globule-shape conventionally discerned. EPMA results show that the incorporation of Fe2O3 accelerates accumulation of fluorine element, promoting the phase-separation and the crystallization of the present glass.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Q. B. Tian et al., "Crystallization of a SiO2-MgO-Al2O3-K2O-Fe2O3-F Glass", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1829-1832, 2007