Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue Aqueous Solution under Visible Light Irradiation by Using N-Doped Titanium Dioxide
N-doped TiO2 powders with high photocatalytic activity under visible-light irradiation have been prepared by calcining anatase nanocrystalline TiO2 powders and guanidine hydrochloride at 350 °C, 450 °C, 550 °C and 650 °C with the holding time ranged from 1.5 h to 3 h, respectively. The guanidine hydrochloride content was varied from 1 to 6 M for the experiments. XRD patterns indicate that all the powders are anatase crystalline phase. The specific surface area is 25~45 m2/g measured by BET method. XPS results show that N atoms were incorporated into the lattice of TiO2 and the amount of N doped in TiO2 is reached up to 8.26 at%. UV-Vis absorption spectra show that the absorption edge of the synthesized N-doped TiO2 powders, calcined at 350 °C for 2.5 h, has red-shifted well into visible region up to 700 nm. Degradation of methylene blue (MB) aqueous solution has been investigated by UV-Vis light spectrophotometer. The 400-mL 10 mg/L aqueous solution of methylene blue could be degraded completely with 4 g N-doped TiO2 within 4.5 h of visible light irradiation.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Y. H. Li, W. B. Cao, F. Y. Ran, X. N. Zhang, "Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue Aqueous Solution under Visible Light Irradiation by Using N-Doped Titanium Dioxide", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1972-1975, 2007