Proton Conductivity of Amorphous Hydrated Zirconia-Yttria Solid Solutions
Mechanical mixtures of zirconia xerogel with variable content of crystalline Y2O3 up to 25 mol%, were hydrothermally treated by microwave route at 110 °C for 2 hours in the presence of 0.2 M solution of (KOH+K2CO3) mineralizer. The resulting amorphous hydrated zirconia-yttria solid solutions with a maximum solubility of Y2O3 content between 20 ~ 25 mol%, showed a remarkable reduction of the surface area at the increasing Y2O3 content of the starting mixture. The as-synthesized products and the corresponding calcined powders at 400 °C were uniaxially pressed into pellets (10 x 7 x 2 ~ 4 mm, in width) at 150 MPa. Conductivities were measured at 25 °C by AC impedance method with a frequency range from 10 Hz to 1 MHz with the pellets equilibrated either under silica gel or under increasing relative humidity (RH) up to ~90 %. The effects of composition, surface area, calcination temperature and relative RH on the proton conductivity of the amorphous solid solutions are discussed.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
G. Dell'Agli et al., "Proton Conductivity of Amorphous Hydrated Zirconia-Yttria Solid Solutions", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 391-394, 2007