Low Temperature Sintering (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 Ceramics by Using CuO-TiO2 Mixture as Sintering Aid
1wt% CuO-TiO2 (molar ratio, CuO/TiO2= 1) mixture is added as the liquid phase sintering aid to develop the sintering and dielectric characteristics of (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 (x=0, 0.1, and 0.2) ceramics. The crystal characteristics of calcined (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 powders and sintered (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 ceramics are developed by using X-ray diffraction method. The calcined (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 powders and 1050oC-sintered (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 ceramics reveal a tetragonal or pseudo-cubic structure and the 1150oC-sintered(Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 ceramics reveal a tetragonal structure. Sintered at 1100oC, the (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 ceramics present a porous structure; Sintered at 1150oC, the (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 ceramics present a uniform growth. The grain size decreases with the increase of SrO content. In this study, the dielectric characteristics of CuO-TiO2 mixture-fluxed (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 ceramics are also developed.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
C. C. Chan et al., "Low Temperature Sintering (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 Ceramics by Using CuO-TiO2 Mixture as Sintering Aid", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 62-65, 2007