Viscoplastic Constitutive Equation of High-Density Polyethylene
A viscoplastic constitutive equation based on the kinematic hardening creep theory of Malinin-Khadjinsky and the nonlinear kinematic hardening rule of Armstrong-Frederick is formulated to describe the inelastic behavior of high-density polyethylene under various loading. The gentle progress of back stress by the introduction of loading surface in the viscoplastic strain space and smaller material constant under unloading can be expressed. Material constants are identified by various stress-strain curves under compression at constant strain rate and creep curves under compression at constant stress. The viscoplastic model can describe stress-strain curve under compression with change in strain rate and shear stress-strain curve including unloading. The model can qualitatively describe stress-strain curves under compression with changed strain rate including unloading, but it is quantitatively insufficient.
N. Ohno and T. Uehara
Y. Sanomura and M. Mizuno, "Viscoplastic Constitutive Equation of High-Density Polyethylene", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 340-341, pp. 1097-1102, 2007