Analysis of Hydrogen Diffusion in Notched High-Strength Steel Wires
Fick's laws were used to model the hydrogen diffusion in notched high-strength steel wires loaded in tension under elastic-plastic conditions. The plastic deformation at the notch tip has an effect on the peak distribution of the hydrostatic stress ( h σ ). So, in stress-assisted diffusion analysis, elastic-plastic material behavior should be considered. Coupled diffusion elastic-plastic finite element analysis was implemented in the finite element program ABAQUS using the user element subroutine (UEL) and the coupled temperature-displacement solver routine to solve the variational form of the diffusion equation in order to obtain the hydrogen concentration distribution ahead of the notch tip in high-strength steel wires under plane strain conditions. The analysis results are compared with those obtained from elastic analysis, which shows that, if a critical hydrogen concentration is regarded as a local fracture criterion, the elastic-plastic analysis results can be used to evaluate the hydrogen embrittlement of high-strength steel wires.
N. Ohno and T. Uehara
L. Bing, "Analysis of Hydrogen Diffusion in Notched High-Strength Steel Wires", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 340-341, pp. 1339-1344, 2007