The Charpy V notch specimens of X70 pipeline steel with different notch orientation are tested under the static and dynamic conditions at different temperatures. By analyzing the load versus displacement curves and fracture appearances of specimens the relation of fracture behavior and loading rate is investigated. The maximum load increases and the displacement corresponding to maximum load reduces with test temperature decreasing. Both under the static conditions are larger than that under the dynamic conditions. The fracture sections of all test specimens are reduced in the thickness direction and quantity reduced depends on the load rate, notch orientation and test temperature. At the higher temperature, delamination cracks are found on the fracture surface both under the static and dynamic conditions, which are perpendicular to the thickness direction in T-L specimen and perpendicular to the main crack propagation direction in T-S specimen. Influence of loading rate on the delamination crack size and amount is obvious. The fracture initiation energy and total fracture energy increase with test temperature increasing. Influence of loading rate on the total fracture energy is unobvious at the higher temperature, but is obvious at the lower temperature. So the loading rate effects on total fracture energy are relevant to test temperature and notch orientation.