Dynamic Strain Aging during the Plastic Flow of Metals
In the present paper, in order to better understand the third type “dynamic strain aging” occurring during the plastic flow of metals, the uniaxial compressive experimental data ever obtained in University of California, San Diego using an Instron servo-hydraulic testing machine and the Hopkinson technique are systematically analysed. These experimental data cover the plastic flow stress of several fcc, hcp, bcc polycrystalline materials and several alloys at a broad range of temperatures (77K – 1,100K) and strain rates (0.001/s – 10,000/s). In analysis, the appearing region of the “dynamic strain aging ” under different temperatures and strain rates are respectively plotted by the curves of stress vs temperature, and stress vs strain for fcc, hcp and bcc metals. The results show that: (1) this third type “dynamic strain aging ” occurs in all hcp, bcc and fcc polycrystalline or alloy materials, and there are different profiles of stress-strain curve; (2) the “dynamic strain aging ”occurs in a matching coincidence of the temperature and strain rate, its temperature region will shift to higher region with increasing strain rates; (3) bcc materials do not have an initial pre-straining strain as the onset of work-hardness rate change for the “dynamic strain aging ”; and (4) based on the explanations of dynamic strain aging with serration curves (Portevin-Lechatelier effect) and other explaining mechanisms of references, The mechanism of third DSA is thought as the rapid/continuous formation of the solute atmospheres at the mobile dislocation core by the pipe diffusion along vast collective forest dislocations to result in a continuous rise curve of flow stress. Finally, several conclusions are also presented.
N. Ohno and T. Uehara
W. G. Guo "Dynamic Strain Aging during the Plastic Flow of Metals", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 340-341, pp. 823-828, 2007