The Effects of Antibiotics Blended Chitosan Membranes on the Calvarial Critical Size Defect in Sprague Dawley Rats
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the osteogenesis of tetracycline blended chitosan membranes on the calvarial critical size defect in Sprague Dawley. An 8 mm surgical defect was created with a trephine bur in the area of the midsagittal suture. Forty rats were divided into four groups: negative control group, positive control group and two experimental groups. Three types of membranes were made and a comparative study was done. One type of non-woven membrane was made by chitosan for positive control. The other two types of non-woven membranes were made by immersing non-woven chitosan into either the tetracycline solution or the chitosan-tetracycline solution. Histologic analysis was done at 2 weeks and 8 weeks of healing periods. We concluded that that the use of tetracycline blended chitosan membrane on the calvarial defects in rats has a significant effect on the regeneration of bone tissue in itself. In addition it implicates that tetracycline blended chitosan membrane may be useful for guided tissue regeneration.
Young-Ha Kim, Chong-Su Cho, Inn-Kyu Kang, Suk Young Kim and Oh Hyeong Kwon
G. J. Chae et al., "The Effects of Antibiotics Blended Chitosan Membranes on the Calvarial Critical Size Defect in Sprague Dawley Rats", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 342-343, pp. 857-860, 2007