Fluoride Releasing from Dental Pit and Fissure Sealant Including Sodium Fluoride and Stannous Fluoride
The 2% NaF and 8% SnF2 have been used in topical fluoridation method in the dental office to increase the resistance of enamel to acid dissolution. Bis-GMA based monomers have been used for the basic materials in the dental pit and fissure sealants. Therefore, the resinous pit and fissure sealant including fluorides may increase the effect of preventing dental caries. In this study, we made a novel dental pit and fissure sealant and evaluated some properties, especially fluoride release. In order to make experimental pit and fissure sealant including fluoride, NaF and SnF2 powder were added into self-made monomer composed of Bis-GMA, TEGDMA, UDMA and photo initiator system by weight percent of 2% and 8% respectively. The just monomer without fluoride powder was used for control. Uncured film thickness and depth of cure were measured according to ISO specification 6874:1988 and the viscosity was measured using rheometer. The five disc specimens were made using light curing unit to evaluate fluoride releasing and each specimen was immersed in the artificial saliva of 10 mL. Fluoride ion concentrations in extracts were measured for 3 days using fluoride electrode at every 12 hrs. There was no significant difference between experimental and control group in the depth of cure, uncured film thickness, and viscosity (p>0.05). The released fluoride ion concentration was continuously retained for 72 hrs.
Young-Ha Kim, Chong-Su Cho, Inn-Kyu Kang, Suk Young Kim and Oh Hyeong Kwon
E. M. Choi et al., "Fluoride Releasing from Dental Pit and Fissure Sealant Including Sodium Fluoride and Stannous Fluoride", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 342-343, pp. 893-896, 2007