Detailed Incremental Forming of Steel Beverage Cans by a High-Pressure Water Jet
This paper describes the process of shaping fully formed beer & beverage cans with a rotating high-pressure water jet. In detail the paper discusses situations where forming is restricted to a limited area by using a special mould. This causes the strain to shift to biaxial causing quite different properties. The process is compared to ‘normal’ incremental forming showing many similarities that are discussed in more general terms and can be summarized into four propositions.
F. Micari, M. Geiger, J. Duflou, B. Shirvani, R. Clarke, R. Di Lorenzo and L. Fratini
W. C. Emmens "Detailed Incremental Forming of Steel Beverage Cans by a High-Pressure Water Jet", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 344, pp. 567-574, 2007