Numerical Evaluation of Crashworthiness of Automotive Sheets
Crash simulations were performed for automotive sheets. To understand the influence of crystal structures in sheet materials on crashworthiness, the effect of the yield function shape was studied by adopting the recently developed non-quadratic anisotropic yield surface, Yld2004-18p. The effect of the back-stress was also investigated by comparing simulation results obtained for the isotropic, kinematic and combined isotropic-kinematic hardening laws based on the modified Chaboche model. In addition, the effects of anisotropy and sheet thickness on crashworthiness were evaluated.
S.W. Nam, Y.W. Chang, S.B. Lee and N.J. Kim
H. S. Ryou et al., "Numerical Evaluation of Crashworthiness of Automotive Sheets", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 345-346, pp. 1537-1540, 2007