Lateral Vibration of Footbridges under Crowd-Loading: Continuous Crowd Modeling Approach


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In this paper, a simple 1D crowd model is proposed, which aim is to properly describe the crowd-flow phenomena occurring when pedestrians walk on a flexible footbridge. The crowd is assumed to behave like a continuous compressible fluid and the pedestrian flow is modeled in a 1-D framework using the (total) mass (of pedestrians) conservation equation. This crowd model is then coupled with a simple model for the dynamical behavior of the footbridge and an optimized modeling of synchronization effects is performed. Numerical simulations are presented to show some preliminary results.



Edited by:

L. Garibaldi, C. Surace, K. Holford and W.M. Ostachowicz




J. Bodgi et al., "Lateral Vibration of Footbridges under Crowd-Loading: Continuous Crowd Modeling Approach ", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 347, pp. 685-690, 2007

Online since:

September 2007




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