Nonstoichiometric Composition and Densification of CaRuO3 by SPS
Calcium ruthenates were prepared in different ratios of Ru to Ca (RRu/Ca = 0.5～1.4) by spark plasma sintering. CaRuO3 in a single phase was obtained at RRu/Ca = 1.0. At RRu/Ca < 1.0, a mixture of CaRuO3 and CaO was obtained, whereas CaRuO3 with second phase of RuO2 was obtained at RRu/Ca > 1.0. The density at RRu/Ca < 1.0 were 80-85% and slightly increased with increasing RRu/Ca. The density significantly increased up to 95% with increasing RRu/Ca from 1.1 to 1.4, suggesting that the second phase of RuO2 was effective to densify CaRuO3. The density of CaRuO3 in a single phase was 82% at most. The lattice parameters of CaRuO3 decreased with increasing RRu/Ca from 0.7 to 1.0, showing a nonstoichiometric range of Ca1+δRuO3+δ.
Katsutoshi Komeya, Yohtaro Matsuo and Takashi Goto
N. Keawprak et al., "Nonstoichiometric Composition and Densification of CaRuO3 by SPS", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 352, pp. 251-254, 2007