Electrochemical Properties of Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
Electrochemical properties (terminal voltage, ohmic resistance and overpotential) were measured for the cell of indium tin oxide cathode (ITO, 90 mass% In2O3-10 mass% SnO2) or perovskite-type oxide cathode La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF) / Gd-doped ceria electrolyte (Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9, GDC, 600-700 μm thick)/Ni-GDC anode using 3 vol% H2O-containing H2 fuel at 873 and 1073 K. The maximum power densities for the cell with ITO cathode at 873 and 1073 K were 21 and 71 mW/cm2, respectively. Similarly, the maximum power density with LSCF was 12 and 113 mW/cm2 at 873 and 1073 K, respectively. The voltage drop was larger for the cathode than for the electrolyte or anode. The overpotential of the LSCF cathode was comparable to the ohmic resistance.
Katsutoshi Komeya, Yohtaro Matsuo and Takashi Goto
T. Shimonosono et al., "Electrochemical Properties of Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 352, pp. 255-258, 2007