This paper focuses on the effect of metal oxides on the mechanical properties of PA1010 composites, such as the tensile strength, compressive strength, shear strength and hardness. The experimental results show that the tensile strength of PA1010 composites filled with CuO and Al2O3 particles slightly decreases with the oxide contents increasing. However, the tensile strength of PA1010 composites filled with Fe3O4 particles increases, which has the average increment in tensile strength of 23.7% than the pure PA1010 materials. The results indicate that the compressive strength can be increased by adding CuO, Al2O3 and Fe3O4 particles into PA1010 polymer. The results exhibit that Fe3O4 particles have significant effects to increase the shear strength of PA1010 composites. However, Al2O3 particles filling reduce the shear strength of the composites.