Time-Temperature-Stress Equivalence Applied to Accelerated Characterization of Creep Behavior of Viscoelastic Polymer
Temperature induced change, and stress induced change as well, in intrinsic timescale were investigated by nonlinear creep tests on poly(methyl methacrylate). With four different experimental temperatures, from 14 to 26 degrees centigrade, time-dependent axial elongations of the specimen were measured at seven different stress levels, from 14 MPa to 30 MPa, and modeled according to the concept of time-temperature-stress equivalence. The test duration was only 4000 seconds. The corresponding temperature shift factors, stress shift factors and temperature-stress shift factors were obtained according to the time-temperature superposition principle (TTSP), the time-stress superposition principle (TSSP) and the time-temperature-stress superposition principle (TTSSP). The master creep compliance curve up to about two-year at a reference temperature 14 degrees centigrade and a reference stress 14 MPa was constructed by shifting the creep curves horizontally along the logarithmic time axis using shift factors. It is shown that TTSSP provides an effective accelerated test technique in the laboratory, the results obtained from a short-term creep test of PMMA specimen at high temperature and stress level can be used to construct the master creep compliance curve for prediction of the long-term mechanical properties at relatively lower temperature and stress level.
Yu Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu and Xishan Xie
R. G. Zhao et al., "Time-Temperature-Stress Equivalence Applied to Accelerated Characterization of Creep Behavior of Viscoelastic Polymer", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 353-358, pp. 1386-1389, 2007