Microstructure Formation Mechanism of (Al2O3+TiB2+Al3Ti)/Al Composites Fabricated by Reactive Hot Pressing
The two (Al2O3+TiB2+Al3Ti)/Al composites were fabricated from Al-B2O3-TiO2 and Al-B-TiO2 raw powders by reactive hot pressing, respectively. The microstructure of in situ two composites was analyzed by OM, SEM and TEM. The results showed that coarse Al3Ti blocks with several tens of micrometers size were formed during hot pressing. The equiaxed Al2O3 particulates and hexagonal TiB2 particulates with finer sizes were formed in the composites simultaneously. The microstructure formation mechanism of (Al2O3+TiB2+Al3Ti)/Al composites were discussed. The results showed that Al2O3 reinforcements were formed on the surface of TiO2 or B2O3 powder and TiB2 particles were formed on B or B2O3 powders. The formation of coarse Al3Ti block is result from continuous diffusion of Ti in liquid Al during reactive hot pressing. In addition, there are fine Al3Ti precipitates exist in the composite fabricated from Al-B-TiO2 powders. This contributes to the improved mechanical properties in terms of yield and ultimate stresses and Young’s modulus of the composite.
Yu Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu and Xishan Xie
G. S. Wang and L. Geng, "Microstructure Formation Mechanism of (Al2O3+TiB2+Al3Ti)/Al Composites Fabricated by Reactive Hot Pressing", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 353-358, pp. 1439-1442, 2007