This study dealt with the corrosion resistance for the carbon steels under a pressurized water atmosphere at the elevated temperature. The nondestructive test was also used to evaluate the damage degree of corrosion test specimen. The corrosion test for carbon steels was carried out at the temperature of 200 °C under a water pressure of 10 MPa. The corrosion time for carbon steel was changed up to 20 weeks. The strength of carbon steel by the degree of corrosion was investigated by a tensile test. The carbon steel showed an average tensile strength of about 500 MPa after the corrosion period of 20 weeks, accompanying the weight loss of about 2.5 %. The attenuation coefficient of ultrasonic wave can be utilized as useful parameters to inspect the corrosion damages of carbon steels.