The Safety Assessment of Wheelchair Occupants in Road Passenger Vehicles in a Frontal Crash: A Computer Simulation

Abstract:

Article Preview

With the increasing needs of the more convenient transportation, wheelchairs are often used by people with mobility disabilities and the elderly people. However, as wheelchairs are primarily designed for the mobility assistive devices, not for the vehicle seats, wheelchair users are exposed to risk factors for neck and upper body injury caused by automobile accidents. In this paper, in accordance with the ANSI/RESNA WC-19, a fixed vehicle mounted wheelchair occupant restraint system (FWORS), wheelchair integrated restraint system (WIRS), and wheelchair integrated x-bend restraint system (WIXRS) are evaluated using computer simulations for the case when a wheelchair is subjected to the frontal impact (20 g, 48 km/h).

Info:

Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 353-358)

Edited by:

Yu Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu and Xishan Xie

Pages:

2569-2572

Citation:

Y. S. Lee et al., "The Safety Assessment of Wheelchair Occupants in Road Passenger Vehicles in a Frontal Crash: A Computer Simulation", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 353-358, pp. 2569-2572, 2007

Online since:

September 2007

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] Bertocci, G. E., and Evans, J.: Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, Vol. 37, No. 5, (2000) pp.573-590.

[2] Van Roosmalen, L., Bertocci, G. E., Ha, D. R., and Karg, P.: Medical Engineering & Physics, Vol. 23(2001), pp.687-698.

[3] Kim, S. M., Kim, S. J., Kang, T. G., Jun, B. H., Kim, K. H. and Moon, M. S., : Journal of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 6, (2004) pp.197-189.

[4] Lee, Y.S., Choi, Y.J., Han, K.H., Chae, J.W., Choi, E. J. and Kim I.W.: Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 297-300, (2005) pp.2314-2319.

[5] Choi, Y.J., Lee, Y.S., Lee, S. H, Chae, J.W., Choi, E.J. and Hong, S.K.: Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 326-328, (2006), pp.899-902.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.326-328.899

[6] Laananen, D. H., Aircraft Crash Survival Design Guide(Volume II : Aircraft Crash Environment and Human Tolerance), US Army Research and Technology Laboratories Report No. USARTL-79-22B. (1980).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21236/ada082512

[7] Biomechanics Research Group Inc., (www. lifemod. com).

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.