Torsional Fatigue of 63Sn-37Pb and Sn-0.7Cu Solders
A series of torsional fatigue tests were conducted on 63Sn-37Pb and Sn-0.7Cu solders. A continuous load drop was observed during the test. It was found that the load drop percentage had little effect on the elastic strain-life curve but strong effect on the plastic strain-life curve. The fatigue strength coefficient, fatigue strength exponent and fatigue ductility exponent had no great changes with the load drop. However, fatigue ductility coefficient showed a great difference and was linearly varying with load drop. A fatigue criterion of Coffin-Manson type was proposed in relation to load drop. The descending curve of the stress range with cycle was observed to consist of transient, steady state and tertiary regions. The percentage of load drop corresponding to the turning point from the steady state to the tertiary region was about 25% for all strain ranges of 63Sn-37Pb, and 30% for all strain ranges of Sn-0.7Cu. The torsional fatigue lives were correlated with von Mises equivalent strain amplitudes well. The fatigue behavior of Sn-0.7Cu is better than that of 63Sn-37Pb.
Yu Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu and Xishan Xie
N. Bai et al., "Torsional Fatigue of 63Sn-37Pb and Sn-0.7Cu Solders", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 353-358, pp. 2908-2911, 2007