Study on the Electrochemical Behavior of the Weldment for SPV50Q Steel in H2S-Containing Environment
The difference in microstructures of the base metal (BM), weld metal (WM) and heat-affected zone (HAZ) in the weldment is one of the major reasons for the failure of the welded equipments, which can be essentially attributed to the non-homogeneous corrosion occurred electrochemically on the weldment. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the corrosion properties of weldment. In this paper, the electrochemical behavior of SPV50Q steel weldment was investigated. The polarization curves of BM, WM and HAZ in 5wt.%NaCl-0.5wt.%HAc solution containing H2S were measured by potentiodynamic polarization. Interface characterization was also conducted by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results show the anodic curves are almost same regardless of various pH or H2S content, but the cathodic curves show some difference. Relatively large variation in corrosion current density (icorr) obtained by fitting technique exists among BM, WM and HAZ. icorr of WM and HAZ is larger than that of BM, and icorr of WM is maximum. According to EIS results, polarization resistance (Rp) increases in the orders of WM, HAZ and BM. It is concluded that WM and HAZ are less resistant to corrosion than BM, which can be correlated to the premature failure of the weldment serviced in H2S-containing environment such as sulfide stress corrosion cracking (SSCC) and /or stress oriented hydrogen-induced cracking (SOHIC) etc.
Yu Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu and Xishan Xie
J. Q. Tang et al., "Study on the Electrochemical Behavior of the Weldment for SPV50Q Steel in H2S-Containing Environment", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 353-358, pp. 3026-3030, 2007